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  • The ECB Blog
    Expanding the pandemic emergency purchase programme

    Two main factors called for further policy action, writes Chief Economist Philip R. Lane. First, the pandemic-related negative shock to inflation poses a threat to medium-term price stability. Second, while conditions in financial markets have stabilised substantially, the situation remains fragile.

Our response to the coronavirus pandemic
04/06/2020
Christine Lagarde, Luis de Guindos: Introductory statement to the press conference (with Q&A)
Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, Frankfurt am Main, 4 June 2020
22/05/2020
Philip R. Lane: International inflation co-movements
Speech by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Inflation: Drivers and Dynamics 2020 Online Conference, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland/European Central Bank, 22 May 2020
19/05/2020
Philip R. Lane: Pandemic central banking: the monetary stance, market stabilisation and liquidity
Remarks by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Institute for Monetary and Financial Stability Policy Webinar, 19 May 2020
11/05/2020
Yves Mersch: An ECB digital currency – a flight of fancy?
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, at the Consensus 2020 virtual conference, 11 May 2020
08/05/2020
Christine Lagarde: Opening remarks at the EUI’s State of the Union event
Opening remarks by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the Online Edition of The State of the Union conference organised by the European University Institute

All speeches

27/05/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Interview with Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Karen Horn
English
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27/05/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Interview with Financial Times
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Martin Arnold on 25 May and published on 27 May 2020
18/05/2020
Christine Lagarde: Interview with Les Echos, Corriere della Sera, Handelsblatt and El Mundo
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, conducted by Dominique Seux, Federico Fubini, Thomas Hanke and Carlos Segovia, published on 18 May 2020
English
OTHER LANGUAGES (4) +
18/05/2020
Philip R. Lane: Interview with El País
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Luis Doncel on 11 May 2020 and published on 18 May 2020
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14/05/2020
Fabio Panetta: Interview with Der Standard
Interview with Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Andras Szigetvari on 6 May and published on 14 May 2020
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All interviews

25/05/2020
Opinion on cash limitations concerning postal payments and anti-money laundering measures  (CON/2020/17)
Belgium, 
20/05/2020
Opinion on amendments to the Union prudential framework in response to the COVID-19 pandemic  (CON/2020/16)
11/05/2020
Opinion on amendments to Latvian national security, emergency situation and mobilisation laws (CON/2020/15)
Latvia, 
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11/05/2020
Guideline (EU) 2020/634 of the ECB of 7 May 2020 amending Guideline ECB/2014/31 on additional temporary measures relating to Eurosystem refinancing operations and eligibility of collateral (ECB/2020/29)
08/05/2020
Opinion on a proposal for a regulation on the establishment of a European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency (SURE) following the COVID-19 outbreak  (CON/2020/14)

All legal acts

Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde
20 May 2020 ONLINE EVENT

Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

How is the coronavirus affecting people, businesses and banks? How can we limit the impact on Europe’s economy? President Lagarde answered these questions and more during an online Youth Dialogue for the European Youth Event 2020.

INSERTED BY ANOMYOUS PROXY

Civil war declaration

On April 14th and 15th, 2012 Federal Republic of Germany "_urkenstaats"s parliament, Deutscher Bundestag, received a antifiscal written civil war declaration by Federal Republic of Germany "Rechtsstaat"s electronic resistance for human rights even though the "Widerstandsfall" according to article 20 paragraph 4 of the constitution, the "Grundgesetz", had been already declared in the years 2001-03.

EXPLAINERS

What are additional credit claim (ACC) frameworks?

To ensure that banks have full access to central bank liquidity, even in adverse circumstances, the Eurosystem made it possible for national central banks to temporarily accept additional collateral beyond the generally accepted assets. Find out how it came about and how it works.

Interest rates

Marginal lending facility 0.25 %
Main refinancing operations (fixed rate) 0.00 %
Deposit facility − 0.50 %
Effective from 18 September 2019

Inflation rates

Full inflation chart
Inflation dashboard

Reference rates

USD US dollar 1.1250
JPY Japanese yen 122.48
GBP Pound sterling 0.89685
CHF Swiss franc 1.0786
Last update: Thursday, 04 June 2020 Euro foreign exchange rates

Multimedia

  • Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

    Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

    Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

  • The ECB explains: crypto-assets

    The ECB explains: crypto-assets

  • ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

    ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

  • Download the ECB Art App

    Download the ECB Art App

  • Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

    Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

  • Euro Banknotes – Our Money, Our Journey

    Euro Banknotes – Our Money, Our Journey

  • Unveiling of the New 100 and 200 Euro Banknotes

    Unveiling of the New 100 and 200 Euro Banknotes

  • 20 years of ESCB statistics: What's next?

    20 years of ESCB statistics: What's next?

  • ECB Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • New signature for euro banknotes - 28 November 2019

  • Christine Lagarde's Keynote Speech - European Banking Congress 2019

  • Farewell President Draghi - 28 October 2019

  • ECB Conference on Gender and Career Progression - 21 October 2019

  • ECB Press Conference - 24 October 2019

  • European Cultural Days of the ECB: Museumssalon - October 23 2019

  • European Cultural Days -10 October 2019

  • Sendung mit der Maus Tag der offenen Tür - 3 October 2019

  • European Cultural Days - 22 August 2019

  • The international role of the euro, June 2018 - cover image

    The international role of the euro, June 2018

  • Financial integration in Europe, May 2018 - cover image

    Financial integration in Europe, May 2018

  • Price and wage-setting in advanced economies - cover image

    Price and wage-setting in advanced economies

  • ESCB Legal Conference 2018 - cover image

    ESCB Legal Conference 2018

  • Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments - cover image

    Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments

  • Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull - cover image

    Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull

  • The monetary policy of the ECB - cover image

    The monetary policy of the ECB

  • The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field - cover image

    The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field